stormwater runoff management and pollution prevention: California research experiences

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scopus – master journals – JCR

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۴٫۲۷۶ در سال ۲۰۲۰

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۲۶ در سال ۲۰۲۱

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۰٫۹۰۱ در سال ۲۰۲۰

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Q1 در سال ۲۰۲۰

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stormwater runoff management and pollution prevention: California research experiences

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stormwater runoff management and pollution prevention: California research experiences


In the future, permeable pavements including the full  depth permeable pavement (FDPP) will  be  part of an  integrated sustainable transportation program. When designed properly, FDPP can  be used as an  alternative best management practice (BMP) for stormwater runoff management. From a practical point of view, FDPP must maintain specific characteristics throughout the life  of  the pavements: (1)  have adequate subgrade reservoir capacity to capture  runoff volume, (2)  surface pavement  remain highly permeable and unclogged, (3)   allowing minimum permeability of  subgrade soil   to infiltrate the captured runoff, and (4)  assuring no  adverse impact on  underground water. During the past ten years the University of California Pavement Research Center (UCPRC) conducted numerous research studies to address some of the above critical questions related to the application of perme- able pavement with respect to the highway stormwater runoff management. The  focus of this paper is to discuss and summarize the major findings of these collective studies related to: (1)  hydraulic performance evaluation of  permeable pavement, (2)  permeability mea- surement of porous asphalt and pervious concrete paved surfaces, (3)  clogging evaluation of permeable pavement surfaces, and (4)  water quality and pollution control issues

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  1. Introduction

In many parts of the world, direct discharge of stormwater runoff generated from urban roads and highways into natural water bodies is prohibited in order to  protect their quality. For this reason, the municipalities including the transportation agencies are  obligated to use  the ‘‘best management practices” (BMPs) to collect the road runoff and treat it before discharg- ing it into the environment. The implementation of commonly available BMPs on urban highways is challenging and some- times impractical due to  the lack  of adequate right-of-way land availability. Even  when space is available, collecting and treating large volumes of polluted runoff generated from impermeable urban highways is  often cost  prohibitive. Hence, the current conventional stormwater runoff management in urban areas will not  be practical or sustainable. In addition, with

more stringent environmental regulations in the future, many municipalities in urban areas may be forced or encouraged to switch from the current impermeable paved surfaces to  a greener urban surface evolution through the implementation of permeable paved surfaces (Weiss et al., 2017). Compared to conventional impermeable paved surfaces, permeable pave- ments (particularly full  depth  permeable pavement) provide multiple sustainability benefits including environmental, socioeconomic, and human health benefits (see  Table  ۱).

To advance the knowledge gap  and to fulfill  their ultimate objective of implementing permeable pavements in the high- way  environment, the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) performed numerous research projects through the Pavement Research Center and the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of California, Davis.  While multiple research projects were conducted on materials property, including cool  pavements and the structural evaluation of permeable pavements, the focus of this paper is the summary findings and knowledge gained on  research topics related to permeable pavements pertinent to stormwater runoff management and water quality issues. Specific topics assessed in this paper include: (i) role  of permeable pavements with respects to stormwater runoff management, (ii) hydrau- lic performance evaluation of permeable pavement, (iii) permeability measurement of porous asphalt and pervious concrete paved surfaces, (iv) clogging evaluation of permeable pavement surfaces, and (v) water quality and pollution control issues.

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