Dimension and formation of placeness of commercial public space in city center: A case study of Deji Plaza in Nanjing
|نوع نگارش مقاله||
scopus – master journals – JCR
۴٫۲۷۶ در سال ۲۰۲۰
۲۶ در سال ۲۰۲۱
۰٫۹۰۱ در سال ۲۰۲۰
|شاخص Quartile (چارک)||
Q1 در سال ۲۰۲۰
خرید محصول توسط کلیه کارت های شتاب امکان پذیر است و بلافاصله پس از خرید، لینک دانلود محصول در اختیار شما قرار خواهد گرفت و هر گونه فروش در سایت های دیگر قابل پیگیری خواهد بود.
فهرست مطالب مقاله:
This study examines the notion of placeness of city center commercial plazas within the context of globalization. Contemporary improvements of commercial public spaces aim to globalize the city image at the expense of local identity and regional characteristics. Although recognized as a major landmark that reflects the globalized image of Nanjing City, Deji Plaza cannot establish a unique sense of place and identity for the community. By adopt- ing a humanist perspective, this study emphasizes people’s experience, perception, and emotional needs of the place as crucial dimensions for improving the relationship between people and commercial spaces. A structural equation model is used to develop a measurement system that evaluates the interaction between the different dimensions of placeness. Findings indicate that optimized locations and environmental characteristics of city center commercial plazas may enhance their image but transform them into consumption spaces for tourists rather than public places for the local community. The results of this study deepen the current understanding and assessment tools of placeness in city commercial public spaces, which are relevant to Nanjing City and similar contexts.
|بخشی از متن مقاله:|
As people’s material living standards and spiritual pursuits improve, urban structures have become diversified and
multiple types of space with overlapping functions have been continuously derived. Commercial spaces optimize space quality and provide a variety of services beyond shopping, and public spaces enrich related functions to
meet the increasingly diverse needs of communities. Thus, semipublic and semicommercial spaces with functions, such as shopping, consumption, and leisure exchanges, have appeared (Kang, ۲۰۰۵). Song et al. (۲۰۱۲) defined “com- mercial public space” as a city space functionally based on public interaction and shopping consumption and a formal indoor space combined with an open space with nonpassage functions.
Typical examples of commercial public space are large shopping malls located in the center of the city. On the one hand, the emergence of commercial public spaces in the city center has improved its image and competitiveness and has objectively enriched the public life. On the other hand, the consumption-oriented construction of public space often maximizes the benefits by catering to the tastes of the elite and middle classes but excluding the low-income and disintegrating the public attributes of public space. This condition also replicates the symbolized and stan- dardized consumption landscape worldwide, thereby elim- inating the cultural and social connotations of public spaces (Xu and Ye, ۲۰۰۸; Zhang and Yu, ۲۰۱۰). Therefore, balancing the commodification and publicity paradox of commercial public spaces in the urban center has become a great challenge for urban planning and governance.
Recently, China has established a new “people-ori- ented” urbanization plan, urging urban planning to switch from “space production” to “place making,” to free from the grand narrative, to focus on daily life, and to build a “place” that contains rich emotions and local qualities (Xie et al., 2017). Therefore, criticizing and rethinking the commercial public space in the city center from the perspective of people and place are necessary. The options in which it fully plays the role of public space and better serves the communities should be explored.
This study aims to establish a measurement system and a formation model of placeness of commercial public space in the city center represented by Deji Plaza. The placeness characteristics of Deji are summarized, and its problems as a commercial public space are reflected.
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